Springfield Primary School | Geography
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Here at Springfield Primary School we believe geography is an important part of the curriculum where children can become engaged and develop key skills. As part of the story-telling curriculum, geography is made exciting and a relevant subject which can be seen in action in the daily lives of our children. Through the thematic approach of teaching, there are many cross-curricular links to ensure children are able to see the subject in context of themselves and the lives of the community around them and wider world, developing their ideas of global citizenship.

Geography teaches an understanding of places and environments.  Through their work in geography children learn about their area and compare their life in this locality to other regions in the United Kingdom and in the rest of the world.  They learn how to draw and interpret maps and they develop the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem solving.  Through their growing knowledge and understanding of human geography children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures.  Geography teaching also motivates children to find out about the physical world and enables them to recognise the importance of sustainable development and renewable resources for the future of mankind.

The curriculum

Children will be taught a range of knowledge of skills in both Key Stage One and Key Stage Two. Both key stages will focus on locational knowledge, place knowledge, human and physical geography and geographical skills and fieldwork.   

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS):

The geography curriculum is known as; Understanding of the World and is organised on a topic basis. Children cover the three aspects of physical, human and environmental geography. The Geographical skills listed below are incorporated into the various topics:

  • use and develop enquiry skills
  • follow directions using map skills
  • form views and opinions about the environment
  • be aware of the local environment
  • be aware of the wider world
  • be aware of ICT within Geography


Key Stage 1:

In Years 1 and 2, your child will be asked to begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They will learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They will use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans, as well as simple fieldwork and observational skills. We as a school have flexibility to choose the areas we teach and there are considerable variations between schools in their approaches.

Key Stage 2:

In Years 3 to 6, the geography curriculum retains some flexibility, and builds and expands on previous knowledge. There are three focus areas:

  • Locational knowledge
  • Place knowledge
  • Human and physical geography

Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Your child will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities. They will also work on locating the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and start to explore their human and physical characteristics.

Children also examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America. This is part of the place knowledge aspect of the curriculum.

For human and physical geography, your child will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.